For many the costs of providing acceptable indoor temperatures have become prohibitive. In Japan energy rationing has become necessary after the destruction of the Fukushima nuclear plant. The repercussions in the Japanese energy markets have made critical choices necessary. Do organisations cut back on plant operation times or widen the range of acceptable working temperatures in their work places? Many around the world already have to make stark choices on whether to spend money on heating and cooling or on eating. How far do the ordinary boundaries of company or family budgets have to be stretched before comfort conditions are significantly compromised and what are the consequences of that happening? Despite increasingly sophisticated simulation predictions buildings too often still overheat. At some point the serious challenge of achieving reductions in energy consumption and carbon emissions must be faced without compromising the comfort, health, well-being and productivity of building occupants. Where do cost effective solutions lie? Better climatic design of buildings? More efficient equipment? De-mechanisation of building systems? Occupant behaviours? Reshaping building regulations? What are the roles of comfort researchers in helping to design a new generation of resilient buildings that mitigate against climate change and are adapted to be able to withstand its impacts? How do we measure the costs and benefits of different approaches to the provision of comfort in 21st century buildings and their resulting economic impacts? The provision of reliable, safe and affordable thermal comfort in buildings is a core priority for designers as the costs of energy rise and the global impacts of its use become ever clearer on our landscapes and in our changing climate. The 8th Windsor Conference focuses the academic endeavour of comfort research into the real world context of providing building designers, owners and users with clear and comprehensible measures of what the actual money, energy, carbon, health, well-being, productivity and comfort costs might be in applying different comfort stratagems to the challenging social, climatic, constructional and economic contexts around us. Traditionally the subject of comfort was dominated by the physics of comfort and its language, but in an unpredictable world more difficult issues of values, perceptions, behaviours and controls are critical too. The provision of comfort can no longer be seen in isolation - as an activity detached from cost or impact. Windsor 2014 will explore how such costs can, are and should be included in the decisions making processes by building designers and managers as well showcasing ways to optimise comfort with new knowledge, approaches and technologies.

WindsorConference WINDSOR CONFERENCE 2014
8th Windsor Conference
International Conference
held 10th-13th April 2014
at Cumberland Lodge
Windsor Great Park, UK


Fergus Nicol, Susan Roaf, Luisa Brotas and Michael Humphreys


Michael Adebamowo (NG), Edward Arens (US), Philomena Bluyssen (NL), Atze Boerstra (NL), Gail Brager (US) Luisa Brotas (UK), Richard de Dear (AU), Dusan Fiala (DE), Andy Ford (UK), Rajat Gupta (UK), Jake Hacker (UK), George Havenith (UK), Michael A Humphreys (UK), Tri Harso Karyono (ID) Madhavi Indraganti (SA), Maria Kolokotroni (UK), Jarek Kurnitski (EE), Alison Kwok (US), Ashok Lall (IN), Roberto Lamberts (BR), Hal Levin (US), Giancarlo Mangone (NL), Azadeh Montazami (UK), Fergus Nicol (UK), Marialena Nikolopoulou (UK), Bjarne W. Olesen (DK), Mark Olweny (UG), Ryozo Ooka (JP), Ken Parsons (UK), Jens Pfafferott (DE), Adrian Pitts (UK), Iftikhar Raja (PK), Hom Rijal (JP), Kosonen Risto (FI), Susan Roaf (UK), Darren Robinson (UK), Mattheos Santamouris (GR), Olli Seppänen (FI), Fionn Stevenson (UK), Shin-ichi Tanabe (JP), Despoina Teli (UK), Paul Tuohy (UK), Peter Wouters (BE), Da Yan (CN), Runming Yao (UK)


Kevin Bowe, Jonida Murataj

London Metropolitan University
London Metropolitan University

The Cass
Sir John Cass Faculty of Art Architecture and Design

Heriot Watt University
Heriot-Watt University

Network for Comfort and
Energy Use in Buildings

8th Windsor Conference 2014

Attendees 2012



Thursday 10th April 2014

After Dinner Talk - Invited Chair: Fergus Nicol

Friday 11th April 2014

SESSION 1: Affordable domestic comfort in the 21st Century 09:00 - 11:00
Invited Chairs: Maria Kolokotroni and Ryozo Ooka

SESSION 2: Controlling Comfort 11:30 - 13:00
Invited Chairs: Hom Rijal and Madhavi Indraganti

SESSION 3: Comfort in Offices and Educational buildings 14:00 - 16:00
Invited Chairs: Richard de Dear and Sue Roaf

WORKSHOP 1: Comfort, user behaviour and energy efficiency 16:30 - 18:30
Invited Chairs: Jens Pfafferott and Atze Boerstra Flitcroft Room

WORKSHOP 2: Schools and young people 16:30 - 18:30
Invited Chairs: Despoina Teli and Azadeh Montazami Hodgson Room

WORKSHOP 3: Overheating in buildings 16:30 - 18:30
Invited Chair: Fergus Nicol Greening Room

WORKSHOP 4: Dynamic thermal environment: What is the
mechanism? How to create, control and evaluate it? 16:30 - 18:30
Invited Chair: Yingxin Zhu Sandby Room

POSTERS Session I 18:30 - 19:00

After Dinner Talks 20:30 - 21:30
Invited Chair: Michael Humphreys

Saturday 12th April 2014

SESSION 4: The physiology of thermal comfort 09:00 - 11:00
Invited Chairs: Lisje Schellen and Jacob Verhaart

SESSION 5: Lighting, acoustics and building physics 11:30 - 13:00
Invited Chairs: Luisa Brotas and Adrian Pitts

SESSION 6: Outdoor comfort and Urban Heat Island effect 14:00 - 16:00
Invited Chairs: Roberto Lamberts and Chungyoon Chun

WORKSHOP 5: Daylight and Comfort 16:30 - 18:30
Invited Chairs: Luisa Brotas and Jan Wienold Flitcroft Room

WORKSHOP 6: Using statistics correctly to analyse comfort
and behaviours 16:30 - 18:30
Invited Chairs: Jane & Rex Galbraith with Michael Humphreys Sandby Room

WORKSHOP 7: Instrumentation and climate chambers 16:30 - 17:30
Invited Chairs: Andreas Wagner and Marcel Schweiker Greening Room

WORKSHOP 8: Negotiated comfort 17:30 - 18:30
Invited Chair: Gary Raw Greening Room

WORKSHOP 9: Standards: developments of EN15251 17:30 - 18:30
Invited Chair: Bjarne Olesen Hodgson Room

POSTERS Session II 18:30 - 19:00

Sunday 13th April 2014

SESSION 7: Thermal comfort, productivity and occupant behaviour 09:00 - 11:00
Invited Chair: Olli Seppänen and Noriko Umemiya

SESSION 8: The interaction between people and buildings 11:30 - 13:00
Invited Chairs: Pierre Lombard and Michael Adebamowo

Invited Chair: Fergus Nicol

PAPERS appearing in the proceedings but authors unable to present

Valid CSS!